Pipenv: Sacred Marriage of Pipfile, Pip, & Virtualenv¶
Pipenv is an experimental project that aims to bring the best of all packaging worlds to the Python world. It harnesses Pipfile, pip, and virtualenv into one single toolchain. It features very pretty terminal colors.
It automatically creates and manages a virtualenv for your projects, as well as adds/removes packages from your
Pipfile as you install/uninstall packages. The
lock command generates a lockfile (
- Jannis Leidel, former pip maintainer—
- Pipenv is the porcelain I always wanted built for pip. It fits my brain and mostly replaces virtualenvwrapper and manual pip calls for me. Use it.
- Jhon Crypt—
- pipenv is the best thing since pip, thank you!
- Isaac Sanders—
- pipenv is literally the best thing about my day today. Thanks, Kenneth!
☤ Pipenv Features¶
- Enables truly deterministic builds, while easily specifying what you want.
- Automatically generates and checks file hashes for locked dependencies.
- Automatically finds your project home, recursively, by looking for a
- Automatically generates a
Pipfile, if one doesn’t exist.
- Automatically generates a
Pipfile.lock, if one doesn’t exist.
- Automatically creates a virtualenv in a standard location.
- Automatically adds packages to a Pipfile when they are installed.
- Automatically removes packages from a Pipfile when they are un-installed.
- Also automatically updates pip.
The main commands are
lock, which generates a
Pipfile.lock. These are intended to replace
$ pip install usage, as well as manual virtualenv management (to activate a virtualenv, run
$ pipenv shell).
- A virtualenv will automatically be created, when one doesn’t exist.
- When no parameters are passed to
install, all packages
[packages]specified will be installed.
- To initialize a Python 3 virtual environment, run
$ pipenv --three.
- To initialize a Python 2 virtual environment, run
$ pipenv --two.
- Otherwise, whatever virtualenv defaults to will be the default.
shellwill spawn a shell with the virtualenv activated.
runwill run a given command from the virtualenv, with any arguments forwarded (e.g.
$ pipenv run python).
checkasserts that PEP 508 requirements are being met by the current environment.
- Windows is not currently supported.
☤ Pipenv Usage¶
$ pipenv Usage: pipenv [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]... Options: --where Output project home information. --bare Minimal output. --three / --two Use Python 3/2 when creating virtualenv. --python TEXT Specify which version of Python virtualenv should use. -h, --help Show this message then exit. --version Show the version and exit. Usage Examples: Create a new project using Python 3: $ pipenv --three Install all dependencies for a project (including dev): $ pipenv install --dev Create a lockfile: $ pipenv lock Commands: check Checks PEP 508 markers provided in Pipfile. install Installs provided packages and adds them to... lock Generates Pipfile.lock. run Spawns a command installed into the... shell Spawns a shell within the virtualenv. uninstall Un-installs a provided package and removes it... update Updates pip to latest version, uninstalls all....
$ pipenv --where Pipfile found at /Users/kennethreitz/repos/kr/pip2/test/Pipfile. Considering this to be the project home.
$ pipenv install Creating a virtualenv for this project... ... No package provided, installing all dependencies. Virtualenv location: /Users/kennethreitz/repos/kr/pip2/test/.venv Installing dependencies from Pipfile.lock... ... To activate this project's virtualenv, run the following: $ pipenv shell